If you were teaching a new Umpire the definition of obstruction, what would you say?
If they showed you a video like this, would your definition of obstruction change?
NFHS Rule 2-22
ART. 1 . . . Obstruction is an act (intentional or unintentional, as well as physical or verbal) by a fielder, any member of the defensive team or its team personnel that hinders a runner or changes the pattern of play as in 5-1-3 and 8-3-2; or when a catcher or fielder hinders a batter as in 5-1-2b, 8-1-1e, 8-3-1c and 8-3-2. When obstruction occurs, the ball becomes dead at the end of playing action and the umpire has authority to determine which base or bases shall be awarded the runners according to the rule violated (Exceptions 8-4-2c, 8-4-2d).
But the rulebook doesn’t define what “hinder” means…
What does “hinder” mean?
Can a runner be hindered if they intentionally seek out contact?